What is vitamin D?Vitamin D acts as a hypercalzemic hormone and facilitates the absorption of calcium and phosphorus through the intestine. It has specific positive impact on diseases such as osteoporosis, cancer and cardiovascular risks. Vitamin D is an organic substance without calorie content, which is indispensable for our metabolism and is generally not made by our body. It is fat-soluble (like vitamins A, E and K) and can be stored in the adipose tissue.
Vitamin ergocalciferol or cholecalciferol
It has a double origin: Vitamin D2 or ErgoCalciferol: It is plant origin. It is included in most foods. Vitamin D3 or Cholecalciferol: Is synthesized in the skin by the action of ultraviolet light on cholesterol. Vitamin D3 is also included in food of animal origin, e.g. B. in fish oils. Vitamin D is related to other hormones of phosphate metabolism and affects the kidneys and the immune system.
What is vitamin D3?D3 (cholecalciferol) is called "sunshine vitamin" because it is formed in the skin by the action of ultraviolet light. For this purpose, children and adults should stop several times a week for about 15-30 minutes in the sun. However, intensive vitamin D production takes place unhealthy times - from 11:00 to 14:00, if the skin needs protection.
Recording of vitamin DIn addition, the natural intake of the vitamin takes over over the years and people with darker skin take it slower. Sunscreen and unfavorable environmental conditions such. B. air pollution, our perception of the soothing sunbeams can adversely affect. Therefore, not always, not even in the summer months, each can cover each with cholecalciferol.
What is the difference between vitamin D and vitamin D3?
The main difference between vitamin D and D3 is that vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that regulates the calcium and phosphorus household in the body. In contrast, Vitamin D3 is a natural form of vitamin D, which produces the body with the help of sunlight.
Vitamin D are D1, D2, D3, D4 and D5The five types of vitamin D are D1, D2, D3, D4 and D5. There are two forms of vitamin D supplementation: Vitamin D2 (Ergocalciferol) and vitamin D3 (cholesterol). Vitamins are organic compounds that the body needed in small amounts. However, they play an important role in metabolism.
Difference between vitamin D and D3Vitamin D is fat-soluble and an essential micronutrient regulating the calcium and phosphorus household in the body. The main difference between vitamin D and D3 is that vitamin D3 is a subform of vitamin D formed by the skin in solar radiation. However, these vitamins can also be taken in the form of dietary supplements.
Difference 1: FoodThe production of vitamin D3 is mainly stimulated by the sunlight on the skin. In addition, vitamin D3 can also be included above the food. Vitamin D3 is mainly included in animal products. The food containing the most vitamin D3 includes:
- Fat fish like salmon, mackerel or herring.
- egg yolk
- Hears such as liver and kidneys
Difference 2: taking
But the inclusion of vitamin D can look different. One way is to provide the body over the food with vitamin D. As described above, low doses of vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 are included in certain foods. In the case of vitamin D3, however, there is another possibility, namely the vitamin D education about the sunlight on the skin. In this context, the 7-dehydrocholesterol existing in one of the skin layers plays an important role. With sufficient sun irradiation of the skin, the 7-dehydrocholesterol is converted by photolysis in cholecalciferol, ie vitamin D3, and included in the body. To accommodate enough vitamin D, often already 15-30 minutes in the sun rang. However, make sure that you do not get sunburn or apply too much sunscreen, as this can inhibit the vitamin D recording. In contrast to other forms of vitamin D, vitamin D3 can be absorbed by sunlight or food as well as dietary supplements. Other vitamin D groups, such. B. Vitamin D2, but can only be supplied via the food or dietary supplements. How Vitamin D is recorded, thus depends heavily on the respective vitamin D group.